Angela Merkel


Dr[3] Angela Dorothea[4] Merkel (born Kasner on 17 July 1954),[3][5][6] also known as Mutti (Mommy) or Angie,[5] has been the Kanzlerin of Germany (also referred to as Bundeskanzlerin) since November 2005 and chairperson of the Christlich Demokratische Union (CDU)[3] since April 2000.[7] Angela usually uses her middle name Dorothea 'only with her maiden name'.[4] Merkel is the name of Angela's first husband.[5]


Angela is a quarter Polish.[6] Ludwig Kaźmierczak, her grandfather, was a Poznanian Pole who live in the German Reich and moved to Berlin after World War I, during which he had fought against the Germans.[8][6] He married a Berlinerin, who bore his son Horst. Ludwig and Horst converted from Catholicism to Protestantism. At some point in time, the name Kaźmierczak was Germanised to Kasner.[6] Horst married Angela's mother Herlind, a Hamburgerin who taught English and Latin. Horst has been described as 'a pastor in the Protestant Church in Germany' and an 'official in the Lutheran Church'. [5] Angela herself is also Lutheran.[9] The family moved from West Germany to East Germany shortly after Angela's birth, the same year 200,000 or so East Germans moved to West Germany.[10][5] Because Horst chose to do this, his ecclesiastical counterparts in West Germany gave him the nickname 'the red minister'.[10] According to 'The New Yorker', Horst was 'a member of the state-controlled Federation of Evangelical Pastors'.[10] According to 'rebel East German pastor'[11] Joachim Gauck, who became the President of Germany in 2012, Horst was shunned by people in the Lutheran Church in East Germany.[10]

Political career

Angela attempts to market herself as a 'standard-bearer of Western values'.[12] Her signature hand gesture is the 'Merkel-Raute' ('Merkel Diamond') that she makes putting her two hands together, with each finger touching the corresponding finger of the other hand, and placing them in front of her stomach area.[13][14] Angela's motto is 'Wir schaffen das', which translates to 'We do it'.[9] The members of Angela's party are referred to as Christdemokraten (Christian Democrats).[7] Because of discontent with her open-door refugee policy, it has been said that she is losing popularity.[9][15] More than 1 million refugees entered Germany in 2015 under her administration.[16]


Announces plans to run for Kanzlerin again

On 20 November 2016, Angela announced that she would be seeking a fourth term as Kanzlerin in 2017.[17]


Secret refugee talks with Ahmet Davutoğlu come to light

In early 2017, it came to light that in 2016, German Chancellor Angela Merkel and Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte in secret talks promised the then-Prime Minister of Turkey, Ahmet Davutoğlu, that the EU would take in between 150,000 and 250,000 Syrian refugees from Turkey per year.[18][19] They made this promise "without informing other EU leaders".[19]


  1. 'Angela Merkel hätte viele Follower bei Twitter'. 20 March 2016. Retrieved 8 March 2017.
  2. Vera Kämper (7 July 2014). 'Das Zwitschern der Macht'. Retrieved 8 March 2017.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 'Angela Merkel'. Retrieved 8 March 2017.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Gregor Mayntz (16 February 2017). 'Mein Name ist Angela Dorothea Kasner.' Retrieved 16 February 2017.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 Charlotte Alter (9 December 2015). 'The 13 Most Surprising Things You Never Knew About Angela Merkel'. Retrieved 20 November 2016.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 Stefan Kornelius (10 September 2013). 'Six things you didn't know about Angela Merkel'. Retrieved 20 November 2016.
  7. 7.0 7.1 'Merkel erklärt sich - Machtverzicht oder weitere Kandidatur?' Deutsche Presse-Agentur. 19 November 2016. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  8. 'Deutsche Kanzlerin mit polnischen Wurzeln'. 28 March 2013. Retrieved 8 March 2017.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 Bettina Baeumlisberger (21 November 2015). 'Die Macht schwindet'. Retrieved 20 November 2016.
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 George Packer (1 December 2014). 'The Quiet German'. Retrieved 8 March 2017.
  11. Kay-Alexander Scholz, Bernd Grässler (18 January 2017). 'Joachim Gauck: From rebel East German pastor to president of unified Germany'. Retrieved 8 March 2017.
  12. 'Ist mehr Merkel das Beste für Deutschland?' 17 November 2016. Retrieved 18 November 2016.
  13. John Austin (25 July 2016). 'Does hand sign made by Merkel, May and now Juncker prove there is a secret EU illuminati?' Retreived 18 November 2016.
  14. Patrick Lion (24 July 2016). 'Are Theresa May and Angela Merkel in the ILLUMINATI? Conspiracy theorists are convinced the leaders are in secretive sect because of similar hand gestures'. Retrieved 18 November 2016.
  15. Justin Huggler (28 July 2016). 'Angela Merkel refuses to change 'open-door' refugee policy in face of migrant attacks'. Retrieved 20 November 2016.
  16. Rick Noak (4 May 2016). 'Germany welcomed more than 1 million refugees in 2015. Now, the country is searching for its soul.' Retrieved 20 November 2016.
  17. 'Ich muss meinen Dienst für Deutschland tun'. Retrieved 20 November 2016.
  18. 'Flüchtlingsdeal sorgt für Empörung: Merkels geheimes Versprechen an die Türkei'. 13 March 2017. Abgerufen am 13 March 2017.
  19. 19.0 19.1 "Report: Merkel and Rutte made concrete promises with Turkey over refugee quota". 13 March 2017. Abgerufen am 13 March 2017.